Petroleum: Process of Formation

Petroleum – Petroleum is classified as non-renewable natural resources.

Besides that, the nickname ‘black gold’ is pinned because the liquid is thick and dark brown.

These natural resources are flammable and to reach them must dig into the layers of the earth’s crust.

To dig up the black gold, wells are always made in the mining area.

Since ancient times the existence of petroleum has been utilized by mankind.

Until now it was classified as an important commodity and controlled the livelihood of many people.

After the discovery of the combustion engine, the demand for oil increased.

Especially for the advancement of commercial aviation and plastic production.

Petroleum Definition


Historical records show that more than 4000 years of asphalt have been used to construct the walls and towers of Babylon.

According to the results of the study of Herodotus and Siclus Diodorus there are many oil wells near Ardericca.

The largest volume of oil is found on the banks of the Issus River, which is one of the tributaries of the Euphrates.

Besides that, tablet notes from the Ancient Persian Kingdom prove that the need for medicines and lighting for the middle class and above uses the oil.

In the area of China around the year 347.

Subsequent developments in the 1850s, an oil engineering expert found a way to distill kerosene from crude oil.

After that, crude oil was made an alternative because the cost was lower than the use of whale oil.

Then, petroleum experienced a surge in demand in North America because it was used for lighting fuels.

The first commercial oil well in the world began to emerge.

The first oil mining well excavated was in Poland (1853).

From there, crude oil drilling experienced rapid and significant development in various parts of the world.

Meanwhile, at the end of the 19th century a company from Azerbaijan controlled world crude oil, the Branobel company.

Process For Establishment Of Earth Oil


It is the result of decomposition or decomposition between plant and animal material slowly over millions of years.

The places where natural oil is found are the lagoon (lake), sea, swamp in the mainland.

The sedimentation process starts from precipitation together with other materials and with the speed of sedimentation is quite fast.

So that organic material will be buried and stored properly, this process occurs before decay.

The oil is usually found in parts of deep sea specifically certain reduction and circulation conditions coupled with hydrocarbon accumulation.

Geologically the time that runs and the deposition area are increasingly buried into the surface of the earth.

Meanwhile sediments and materials that accumulate organic material will increasingly create tectonic forces.

Then from this style there will be a subsidence effect.

The reason is because the material sinks deeper and will experience higher temperature and pressure changes.

From this process it causes changes in organic and chemical material.

Composition Of Earth Oil


Petroleum is only crude oil, but has been transformed for daily use into liquid, solid, and gas hydrocarbons.

When conditions of temperature and pressure are standard, light hydrocarbons form boiling gas.

These lightweight hydrocarbons include ethane, butane, methane, and propane.

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